In terms of conspiracy theories, I think, the internet can be understood in terms of epidemiology (and memes). Search engines now act as an easy/discovery of meme-reservoirs. For example, I have heard of chemtrails before but the extent of my knowledge was that it has something to do with airplanes ... but if I google it, I learn lots more compared to going to the library and trying to figure out where or what that is.---a process that I think would be hard.
However, now that I googled chemtrails, I could bring it into a debate (social media) and make some comments that looked like "advanced beginner"-level, perhaps making a few people believe that I actually know a lot about this, and if the chemtrail idea sounds plausible enough (and every conspiracy has a hint of truth to it), it will spread to other humans in the same way. They'll google, repost.
And soon it'll be one of those things where there's some uncertainty.
So in that sense, luxagraf would be the index case or patient zero of the chemtrail "meme epidemic" (if it gets that far) of 2016. 7wb5 and myself are currently infected in that we both repeated the word which now sticks in a few more minds. Some of you may now, having seen it being discussed a few times, bother to look it up yourself. And thus the meme remains alive in the human population.
In this sense, the internet especially with the way it's hyperlinked, much like airtravel linsk the world, acts a continuous reservoir for memes.
That goes for both good ideas and bad ideas. In terms of good ideas, it also explains why "original" ideas often appear independently around the same time. The reason is that they're not actually that independent.
It also explains why stupid ideas persist even if they've been refuted many times.
In that regard, possessing a framework is akin to possessing an immune system for particular fields of ideas. Having a "healthy level of knowledge" makes it that much harder to get infected by silly ideas.
Now as for how to deal with ... should the internet be scrubbed off of silly ideas much like home owners use lysol that kills 99.999% of all germs? No, I don't think so for the same reasons that I don't think that removing almost all vira or bacteria will render the population safer from infection. You can never do just one thing and such measures also serve to make people intellectually weaker.
No, rather, people need to build their intellectual immune systems. This has not be realized yet because we're still in the early stages of internet usages (it's really only been around for mass consumption for half a generation).
Eventually, maybe we'll reach the intellectual equivalent of "herd immunity". That's the fraction of people who needs to be immune to a virus or a silly idea to make it practically impossible to spread it because nobody any longer cares to forward/propagate/discuss it.
For example, if this was the last time anyone bothered with chemtrails around here, the idea would go away again and not become epidemic. In that case, it would sit in the [permanent] reservoir of an internet webpage only to resurface at some random point at some random time in the future.
Alternatively, we could reach a level of "intellectual health" that correspond to a public health problem where people are so weak that they continuously suffer from multiple parasitic, etc. infections. This, then, would be akin to the Dark Ages (in terms of written/thought culture) or Idiocracy.